Your baby's skin is different to that of an adult. It is therefore important to wash it with a specific product which has:
• It helps form the cutaneous barrier, shielding against external aggressions.
The effectiveness of surgras agents
Benefits to sensitive skin
"Syndets" or "dermatological bars" are soap-free cleansing bars comprised mainly of gentle synthetic surfactants. Their use is justified on the face or body when soap is poorly tolerated or in the case of certain skin conditions. Soaps are produced by means of a saponification reaction, where a mixture of fats (commonly called triglyceride fatty acids) are treated with a strong base. They are more detersive. "Superfatted" soaps are enriched with lanolin, sweet almond oil and glycerine to restore the hydrolipidic film.
They can pose two risks to the skin
- irritant reactions
In fact, washing yourself too often can unbalance the skin's protective flora.
Like any product applied on the skin, cleansers can cause allergic reactions. It is therefore important when developing a new product to avoid using any ingredient that is a known allergen, such as certain fragrances, preservatives and colourants, and to ensure clinical tests are conducted to confirm the product's hypoallergenicity.
The main ingredients that are aggressive for the skin are:
Dry, normal or oily, sensitive skin is skin that is physiologically or mechanically weakened. It is therefore easily irritated, having a low reaction threshold to an external stimulus.
The vulvovaginal flora is an ecosystem that needs to be protected. It is composed of a community of protective bacteria. When all is well, all of these protective bacteria live together in harmony. In fact, when girls are born, their vagina is colonised by a beneficial bacterial flora. During puberty, the vaginal secretions increase and the flora changes to become that of a woman. The most important bacteria is called Döderlein bacillus, also called lactobacillus.
The Döderlein bacillus (or Lactobacillus) can secrete certain substances such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and lactic acid, which protect against infections. In fact, these two substances prevent the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria. They also help maintain the vagina's correct level of acidity, which is between pH 3.8 and 4.5. If for any reason the Döderlein bacilli are destroyed or their numbers drop to an insufficient level (after taking antibiotics or with inappropriate hygiene, for example), then the other vaginal bacteria start to grow and this imbalance causes an infection. The best form of protection of this fragile ecosystem is to wash the intimate area with a suitable product that has a soap-free gentle cleansing base and a physiological pH.
To maintain healthy vulvovaginal flora, the pH must be kept at a certain leval of acidity (pH 5.5). It is therefore important to use products with a physiological pH (5.5) that enables the lactobacilli (or Döderlein bacilli) to grow properly and prevent the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria. It is equally important to use a product with a very gentle cleansing base which does not attack the mucous membranes and preferably one that is also hypoallergenic.
The main thing is to avoid maceration. Whether you prefer tampons or sanitary towels, you should change them at least every four hours. If you leave the blood and secretions to stagnate for too long, they can become a breeding ground and encourage proliferation of a bacteria called Gardnerella.
- Avoid clothes that are too tight-fitting between the legs, plastic-coated sanitary towels and panty liners which increase the likelihood of maceration.
|Excessive intimate hygiene with an unsuitable cleanser weakens the mucous membranes. The vulvovaginal flora then changes and no longer performs its defensive role, allowing the growth of certain microbes which are responsible for causing unpleasant local irritation. To preserve the flora's natural balance, there is no need to wash the area more than once or twice a day.|
A fungal infection is a disease caused by the proliferation of a growing fungus. It is most commonly caused by a fungus from the yeast family. Because your vagina is home to all kinds of protective bacteria, it is also home to fungi. If their numbers become unusually high, then you have a fungal infection with the accompanying itching, burning and discharge. A fungal infection is not serious in itself, but it can greatly affect your daily life!
The most common fungus is Candida Albicans. This is why fungal infections are also referred to as candidiasis. And again, it all boils down to whether the vaginal ecosystem is balanced or unbalanced. All it takes is a course of antibiotics, an unsuitable hygiene product or sometimes poorly-controlled diabetes, and the fungi start to grow. 70% of cases of candidiasis (thrush), or fungal infection are due to internal causes: an imbalance of the vaginal flora.
If you're suffering from a fungal infection, consult a doctor. At the same time, wash your underwear thoroughly at 60°C to destroy the fungi. Also, use a specific intimate hygiene product with an alkaline pH, which will help calm the irritation and itching associated with the infection.